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This TIP discusses treatment for women from diverse cultures, ethnicities, and sexual orientations; women living in urban and rural areas; women who are pregnant, parenting, or without children; and women of all ages, socioeconomic classes, and histories. Although alcohol and drug effects on fetuses and neonates are mentioned, the details and implications for fetuses and neonates are not discussed in
detail. Female adolescents are not addressed in this TIP. Whereas some adolescents’ needs may
parallel those of women, their developmental stage requires specialized treatment. Information on treating adolescents can be found in TIP 32 Treatment of Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders (CSAT 1999d). Substance abuse treatment issues specifi c to male clients are addressed in the planned TIP
Substance Abuse Treatment and Men’s Issues
(CSAT in development f).